Bashkir folk epic associated with the cult of animals. The plot is based on the motif of the girl's abduction.
A. N. Kireyev notes: as the poetic parts of the irteks (an epic works in which prose alternates with poetry) were performed songfully, it is likely that this epic work could have been perceived by I. Lepyokhin as a song, or he happened to hear just this small passage, which subsequently entered the song repertoire of the Bashkir people.
Most importantly, the mention of I. I. Lepyokhin testifies to the popularity of this plot among the people.
Title page of the book by
S. G. Rybakov
The book by
Z. I. Ummati
M. A. Burangulov (1888–1966)
I. V. Saltykov
G. Z. Suleimanov
A. N. Kireyev
A. R. Mukhtarullin
Various aspects of the epic «Kara-yurga» are studied in the scientific works of A. N. Kireyev, S. A. Galin, M. M. Sagitov. Scientists consider the evolution of the Bashkir epic, its historical and mythological foundations, note the reflection in the epic work of the custom of exogamy in folk rituals.
M. M. Sagitov
In 1998 the performance «Chernyi inokhodets» («Black ambler») was staged on the stage of the Russian Drama Theater based on the play by Gazim Shafikov. The production director is Mikhail Rabinovich, the production designer is Alla Kozhenkova, the choreographer is Alexander Pepelyayev.
In 2004 the performance took first place following the results of the review of folklore performances in Yoshkar-Ola.